Production system characteristics
Salmonid case study includes a large diversity of species. I gather commonly called salmons such as Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) or Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus keta), trouts such as rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) or Fario trout (Salmo trutta) and other salmon-ids such as Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus). Most of the salmonids that are sold on the EU market come from aquaculture, especially Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout, which are the main farmed fish species in Northern Europe.
The salmonids market presents a wide range of species and products. Salmonids can be marketed as whole fresh, sliced fresh or processed (mainly smoked)…
The supply and demand of farmed salmon have been steadily growing in the EU. However, most of the salmon is imported to EU from Norway, while the aquaculture sector within the EU is facing many challenges to remain profitable and match the growing demand.
The actual challenges influencing the competitiveness and the sustainability of the sector that European salmonid producers are facing are:
Therefore, it is highly important to find new innovative solutions to enable environmentally and economically sustainable production growth in the EU aquaculture sector.
The main objective of SUCCESS concerning the salmonids case study is to explore how EU and Icelandic salmonids production and regulations should be developed in the global competition to enable environmental-friendly profitable growth of the aquaculture sector for the needs of consumers.
According to the diversity, the Salmonid case study will not provide an exhaustive representation of that picture but will focus on products which illustrate the issues and challenges (presented below) :