Production system characteristics
The “Coastal fish” case study is composed of a large diversity of vessel, using different techniques and fishing a large diversity of species. They have short trip duration (approximately 24h) given proximity of fishing to port. Most of “Coastal Fisheries” Case Study belongs to small-scale fisheries fleet*, but it include also others vessels catching non quota species in national waters or vessels catching sedentary stocks like shells. The coastal fleet is significant in all European countries and often belongs to localities where fishing has cultural importance.
Average prices are generally high for “high fresh quality” landings dedicated to the market of fresh seafood for direct consumption. The markets are often local or “niche”. In a sense, “Coastal Fisheries” is the opposite of the “Whitefish” case study.
European “Coastal Fisheries” face several challenges influencing the competitiveness and the sustainability of the sector :
Given this challenges list, the SUCCESS project will try to answer to the following broad questions by their implications within workpackages (WP) :
Fleet segments studied
According to the large diversity, the "Coastal fisheries" case study will not provide an exhaustive representation of that picture but will focus on fleet segments which illustrate the issues and challenges (presented below) :
- The Brittany (France) coastal liners targeting Sea bass
- The Netters of the Gulf of Salerno (Italy) targeting Common cuttlefish
- The Fasolari Fishery : dredgers from Northern Adriatic (Italy) targeting smooth clams
- The English Channel scallop fishery (both French and UK fleets)
- The multispecies Coastal fisheries in the province of Trapani (Italy)
- The Netters multispecies fishery of Ile Yeu (France)
- The coastal fisheries in Galicia (Spain)
* small-scale fisheries fleet : defined by the EU regulation as vessels less than 12 meters using static or passive gears. It represents already 55% of the total number of vessels, 41% of the total FTE employment and around 15% of the total landings in value1 in 2011 at European level (STECF, AER 2014)